One District One Product



District Profile:

  • YSR District is said to be the heart of the Rayalaseema as it is centrally located and well
    connected with other districts. The district is divided into 4 Revenue divisions with Divisional headquarters at Kadapa, Jammalamadugu, Pulivendula and Badvel.  The district has 36 Mandals under these revenue divisions. It has one Municipal Corporation, Kadapa and six Municipalities namely Badvel, Mydukur, Proddatur, Pulivendula, Jammalamadugu, and Yerraguntla.
  • The YSR district is considered to be one of the districts endowed with rich History, Minerals, Flora & Fauna. The Major Minerals in the District are Barytes, Limestone, and Asbestos. Apart from Major Minerals, Minor Minerals are Napa Slabs, Road Metal, Building Stone, Marble, Mosaic Chips and Rehmatti are also available in the district. Asbestos of Chrysotile variety occurs at contact of the Vempalle dolamite with the dolerite in the Pulivendula taluk.
  • The Barytes & Barium Compounds are identified under ODOP (One District One Product) initiative from YSR District. One District One Product (ODOP) initiative is aimed at fostering balanced regional development across all districts of the country. The initiative aims to select, brand, and promote at least One Product from each District (One District – One Product) of the country for enabling holistic socioeconomic growth across all regions.
  • The major exportable products from YSR District are Barium Chemicals (Barium sulphate, Barium Chloride, Barium Carbonate).
  • The Barium Chemicals have been chosen by District Industries Export Promotion Committee (DIEPC) based on the economy of scale for export from YSR district under the District as Export Hub Program of Government of India.

1. Barytes & Barium Compounds:

Barytes or barite is a moderately soft crystalline mineral of form of barium sulphate. Approximately 80% barytes produced worldwide is used for oil & gas drilling as a weighting agent in the drill mud, primarily to prevent the explosive release of gas and oil during drilling. It has unique physical and chemical properties like heaviness, high specific gravity, chemical and physical inertness, very low solubility, and magnetic neutrality. Barium compounds are utilised as filler, extender, and aggregate. Barytes after converting to barium carbonate is used in the manufacture of ceramic and glass.

As per United Nations Framework Classification for resources (UNFC) system as on 01.04.2010, the total resources of barytes in India is placed at 73 million tonnes of which 43% constitute reserved and 57% remaining resources. By grades, 40% resources are oil-well drilling grade followed by 6% of chemical grade, 1% of paint grade and 33% constitute low grade. About 20% resources are of other, unclassified, and not-known categories. Among the states Andhra Pradesh alone accounts for 94% of the country barytes resources. (Source: Barytes, Indian Minerals Yearbook 2015 (Part III), Indian Bureau of Mines, Ministry of Mines, GoI)


31.1   Products Overview

Natural barium sulphates are called ‘barytes’. Natural barium carbonate is called ‘witherite’. Barium compounds include Barium chloride, Barium Nitrate, Barium Carbonate, etc.

a.Barium Chloride:

      • Barium Chloride is an inorganic salt that is made up of barium cations (Ba2+) and chloride anions (BaCl). It is also called Barium Muriate or Barium dichloride. It is a white solid which is water-soluble, hygroscopic and gives a slight yellow green colour to a flame. The chemical formula of Barium Chloride is BaCl2.
      • The primary industrial application of BaCl2 is in the purification of the brine solutions that are used in caustic chlorine plants. This compound is also used in the casehardening of steel and the production of heat treatment salts. This compound has limited applications due to its high toxicity.
      • The industrial production of barium chloride follows a two-step process. First, barium sulphate (usually in the form of the mineral barite) is reacted with carbon at high temperatures to form barium sulphide and carbon monoxide. Then, the barium sulphide is treated with hydrochloric acid to yield barium chloride along with hydrogen sulphide.


b.Barium Nitrate:

        1. Ba (NO3)2 is an inorganic compound with the chemical name Barium nitrate. It is also called Barium dinitrate or Nitrobarite or Barium salt. It is a good oxidizing agent and burns with a green-coloured flame. It is widely used in pyrotechnics.
        • Nitrobarite is a crystalline solid white in colour. It is a non-combustible compound but enhances the burning of combustible elements. When exposed to fire or heat for a long duration it may explode. Barium nitrate has multiple applications, which is used in
          • The production of barium oxide-containing materials.
          • green signal lights.
          • making ceramic glazes.
          • as a rodenticide.
          • detonators
          • primers and tracer bullets.
          • the making of paints.
          • as an oxidizing agent.
          • making explosives.
          • as a propellant and blowing agent.


c.Barium Carbonate:

Barium carbonate is a white solid precipitated from a solution of barium hydroxide and urea. The chemical formula for barium carbonate is BaCO3. It also occurs in minerals known as witherite and is also prepared from barytes through precipitation. It is toxic in nature. It is also common in turquoise glazes. It should be kept under low quality below 20% and protective measures to be taken while handling the chemical compound. Barium Carbonate – BaCO3 is used in multiple applications such as

          • Barium carbonate has many major commercial applications in the glass, brick, oil-drilling, ceramics, photographic and chemical industries.
          • Used as a raw material for the manufacture of barium oxide (BaO) and barium peroxide (BaO2).
          • Used as a rodenticide, its appearance is like that of flour which has been responsible for most unintentional barium poisoning.

61.2   Barium Chemicals for District as Export Hub

      1. As per the Geological survey of India, the district has bestowed with 74 million tons of barytes.
      2. Barytes pulverizing industry is one of the industrial segments nearer to the district.
      3. Well-connected by Road and Rail to Ports for exports
      4. Availability of APIIC land bank of around 6,800 acres at Mega industrial park, Kopparthy for setting up of new units.

1.3 Product-wise Exports for the year 2021-22:

Sl No Export Product Name Export Value (crs)  2021-22
3 Barium Carbonate 2.75
4 Sodium Sulphide Flakes 0.52

2.    Action Plan for District Export Hub for Barium compounds :

  • To enhance the volume of exports from YSR District
  • To create a flexible and permanent institutional mechanism with participation from all stakeholders to act as a facilitator and promoter of export from the district.
  • To identify lead products and sectors for targeted and continued interventions for export promotion.
  • To synergize various schemes at the center, state and district level which address industry and export.
  • To provide support both domestically and internationally to local industry from the establishment of business to post export activity through export of goods and services.
  • To increase efficiency by streamlining export infrastructure.
  • To augment both supply and demand through different strategies of Trade Promotion.

2.1       Activities being undertaken by district administration under ODOP initiative:

      • Identified Barium Compounds included for district as Export Hub.
          1. Prepration of District export action plan with quantifiable targets.
          2. Creation of sub groups for each identified potential export product –involving stakeholders like manufacturers, exporters of the identified products.
          3. Identified bottlenecks for exports of potential products.
          4. Obtained feedback from Exporters of the District
          5. Dissimilation of information through trainings, seminars, guest lecturers, practical training, and exchange visits with other Districts of excellence
          6. Collaborate with EIA, EPC, DGFT, FIEO for Capacity Building workshops for exporters and other stakeholders for creating awareness
      • Identified the Barytes & Barium Chemicals cluster at Kadapa under MSE-CDP Scheme
          • SPV registration completed
          • Identification of land is under process

3.ODOP sensitization workshop being conducted for current stakeholders and next generation stakeholders:

      • Conducted Export promotion meetings with stakeholders at District level by State Level Export Wing of COI /DGFT/Spices Board/Export Councils
      • Identified bottlenecks for exports of potential products.
      • Obtained feedback from Exporters of the District
      • Dissimilation of information through trainings, seminars, guest lecturers, practical training, and exchange visits with other Districts of excellence

4. Mentorship Support Available:  

1 Development Commissioner of Handicrafts. Provides Common Production Centers (CPCs).
2 AP State Skill Development Corporation Imparts skills in improvement of product line.
3 MSME DI Cluster Development and Financial support.
4 EDP State Government to create awareness among the individual units.
5 Commerce and Export Promotion Create awareness and provides mentorship in getting IEC code, Exhibitions, Buyers and sellers meets etc.
6 Banking Sector Provides financial assistance in the form of Term Loan and Over draft.
7 Department of Industries Awareness creation under various programs of the State Government / Central Government. Need-based support in identifying specific investment requirement for infrastructure, marketing linkages, procurement operations, storages, e-marketing  etc., and suggest to state government department for developing infrastructure.

5.  Mentors registered with District to provide mentorship to beneficiaries:

  • TEAM for Institutional Support:
    • District Industries Centre, YSR District

6. Funding support available:

      • Term loan for procurement of machinery and infrastructure will be provided by Banks under MSME sector
      • Under Cluster Development Program, Common Facility Centres may also be established with Funding support up to 95% by Government of India and Government of Andhra Pradesh.
      • The MSME DI, Government of India, has several initiatives such as Credit Linked Capital Subsidy Schemes, Interest Subsidy Schemes etc.

7.   Industry Associations

The following industry associations are working for the development of barytes and barium chemicals in the YSR District.

  • Barium Salt Forum
  • Barium Chemicals Manufacturing Association
  • Kadapa District Chamber of Commerce

8.    Details of Nodal Department:


DEDICATED TEAM for Institutional Support:
District Industries Centre, YSR District

9.Dedicated helpline or call center/support desk for ODOP:


10. Rules, Regulations, Acts, Govt schemes to propel the ODOP initiative:

  • Approvals through single Window system.

  • Director General Foreign Trade:

  • Micro and Small Enterprises – Cluster Development Programme (MSE-CDP)



11.Quality assurance Labs / Certification Labs:

    • ISO Certificate of Registration ISO 9001:2015

12.Department providing institutional support to beneficiaries availing support under ODOP initiative:

    • Andhra Pradesh Industrial Development Policy 2024-27
    • MSE-CDP (Micro & Small Enterprises Cluster Development Programme)
    • District as Export Hub Scheme