Salient Features of Kadapa:
Cuddapah district is said to be the heart of the Rayalaseema as it is centrally located and well connected with the 4 districts of Rayalaseema. The District has a glorious history and a rich cultural heritage. It is identified as a part of Dandakaranya through which the Lord Rama and his consort Sita wandered during their exile.Holy rivers like Penna (Panakini), Papaghni, Chitravati, Mandavya cut across the District giving the land a sanctity of their own. Kunderu, Sagileru are the chief Northern tributaries to Penna and Cheyyeru, Papaghni and Chitravathi are the Southern tributaries.The total geographical area of the District is 15,379 sq. Kms. with 3 Revenue Divisions and 51 Mandals. And has TWO (Cuddapah & Rajampeta) Parliamentary Constituencies and ELEVEN (Cuddapah, Pulivendula, Mydukur, Proddatur, Jammalamadugu, Lakkireddipalle, Rauchoti, Rly Kodur, Badvel, Rajampet & Kamalapuram) Assembly Constituencies.Main languages spoken are Telugu and Urdu.
The district in its long history acquired composite culture. The people are hard-working and very hospitable. The population of the District consists of all important religious groups but the Hindus are in predominant number. In addition to Islam, the district came under the influence of Jainism and Buddhism also during different periods as Danavulapadu and Nandalur ancient sites suggest. Huen Trang, Chinese traveler who traveled through the district in 7th century AD recorded the existence of Sangharams (Buddhist monasteries) and nirgantha heretics (Jain). There is no authentic information available about the exact time of introduction of Islam into the district. But it is certain that Muslims inhabited the district as early as fourteenth century. Christianity was introduced into the district in the first half of eighteenth century by the Jesuit mission. Due to influence of different religions and beliefs, the people of the district acquired composite culture and secular attitude.
The major roads meating at Cuddapah (District Headquarters) are
1) Kurnool-Cuddapah-Chittoor State Highway
2) Cuddapah-Madras State Highway
There is a good newtwork of roads connecting all the Mandals in the District Headquarters.
A major irrigation sources in the district are K-C canal, the Mydukur and the Chapadu Project, the upper Sagileru and lower Sagileru and the Pincha Projects. Paddy, Groundnut, Red gram, Cotton, Bengal gram are the major Agricultural crops.Mango, Citrus, Banana, Melons, Papaya are the fruit crops.Turmeric, Onion, Chillies, Coriander, Vegetables and Chrysanthemum are other commercial crops grown in the district.
Cuddapah district is endowed mainly with red and black soils ranging from poor to fertile soils. Red soils occupy 53% of the cultivated area and are mostly situated in L. R. Palli, Rayachoty, Rajampet, Pulivendla and Kodur Mandals. These soils have a low nutrient status.
Black soils covered nearly 47% of the cultivated area and are generally associated with clay content located in Muddanur, Jammalamadugu, Proddatur, Mydukur, Pulivendla and Kamalapuram Mandals.
Based on the Agro-climatic conditions the District falls under Southern and scarce rainfall zone. In southern zone rainfall ranges from 700 to 800 m.m. while it is 500 to 700 m.m. rainfall in scarce rainfall zone. Cuddapah is one of the districts in Rayalaseema area, with an un-even, isolated rainfall in different parts of the district and with large dry tracts.
The rainfall of Cuddapah district is mainly influenced by South-West monsoon and part of the district viz., Rajampet, Kodur, Rayachoty and L. R. Palli Mandals receiving the rainfall from North-East Monsoon also. The normal rainfall of the district is 700 m.m. as against the state average of 940 m.m.